It is an established fact that psychological and behavioral symptoms can be traced to an underlying physiological and neurological basis. Neurocounseling seeks to take advantage of this correlation to promote mental health. One of the techniques used is neurofeedback, which can effectively treat conditions such as depression, sleep disorders, seizures, fibromyalgia and ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder).
It was in the late 1990s when researchers at the Salk Institute found that, contrary to popular belief, the hippocampus is capable of producing new neurons during adulthood. This phenomenon can still occur even in the elderly, which opens the possibility that brain damage from illness or injuries can be repaired.
To learn more, take a look at the infographic below created by Bradley University’s Online Master of Arts in Counseling program.
How Neurocounseling Techniques Differ from Other Schools of ThoughtMost counseling professionals held the belief that the effectiveness of their treatment can be deduced from observable changes in behavior. With neurocounseling, nothing is left to chance or subjective analysis. Imaging scans with fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging) and similar technologies are used to peek inside the brain for demonstrable physical changes. Counselors put their focus on teaching emotional and physiological self-regulation skills. Heart rate variability, skin temperature and diaphragmatic breathing are all used to help patients control their own behaviors.
Neuroplasticity and Its ImplicationsThe brain is not a static organ. As we learn new skills and consume more information, we develop new neural pathways that help us retain and make use of that knowledge. This ability is something that we maintain throughout our lifetime and is called neuroplasticity. Counselors can combine their physiological knowledge of the brain with more traditional techniques while practicing neurocounseling. Several studies found this approach to be an effective treatment for a variety of cases.(leer más...)
Fuente: [Bradley University ]